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Militant Islam Monitor > Weblog > Unindicted co conspirator linked to WTC bombing Siraj Wahaj being brought to FAU campus by Muslim Student Organisation & MAS

Unindicted co conspirator linked to WTC bombing Siraj Wahaj being brought to FAU campus by Muslim Student Organisation & MAS

January 17, 2005

Siraj Wahaj unindicted co conspirator in the 1993 WTC bombings and Imam of Al Taqwa mosque in New York. (Scroll down to the bottom of the page for MIM press release).

Wahhaj testified in the trial of the US vs Osama Bin Laden and was asked "Do the brothers and sisters who attend Masjid Al Taqwa, do they give bayat (an oath of allegiance ) to Siraj Wahaj?". To which Wahaj replied; "No, no I'm just a little guy I'm not head of a Muslim state"


MIM: At the US vs. Osama bin Laden trial Wahaj said he was 'not the head of a Muslim state' , but his statements over the years show that he is working to turn the United States into one.

Excerpts from : The Danger Within by Dr. Daniel Pipes

" In June 1991, Siraj Wahaj, a black convert to Islam and the recipient of some of the American Muslim community's highest honors, had the privilege of becoming the first Muslim to deliver the daily prayer in the U.S. House of Representatives. On that occasion he recited from the Qur'an and appealed to the Almighty to guide American leaders "and grant them righteousness and wisdom".

A little over a year later, addressing an audience of New Jersey Muslims, the same Wahaj articulated a rather different vision from his mild and moderate invocation in the House. If only Muslims were more clever politically, he told his New Jersey listeners, they could take over the United States and replace its constitutional government with a caliphate. "If we were united and strong, we'd elect our own emir [leader] and give allegiance to him. . . . [T]ake my word, if 6-8 million Muslims unite in America, the country will come to us." In 1995, Wahaj served as a character witness for Omar Abdel Rahman in the trial that found that blind sheikh guilty of conspiracy to overthrow the government of the United States. More alarming still, the U.S. attorney for New York listed Wahaj as one of the "unindicted persons who may be alleged as co-conspirators" in the sheikh's case.

The disparity between Wahaj's good citizenship in the House and his militant forecast of a Muslim takeover—not to mention his association with violent felons—is only one example of a larger pattern common to the American Muslim scene.


MIM: In an article "Stop Aid and Comfort for Patrons of Terror " Steven Emerson wrote:


"...CAIR's Board of Advisors includes a number of radicals known for their virulent anti-Semitism and support of the World Trade Center defendants..."

One of them, Siraj Wahaj, appeared as a defense witness in their trial. In a recorded speech at a mosque, Mr. Wahaj declared that "one of the most diabolical plots ever in the annals of history, in my estimation, has been the war in the Persian Gulf. It was a plan, and believe me, it is a part of a larger plan, to destroy the greatest challenge to the Western world, and that's Islam. I see the demise of the Soviet Union as a sign for the American people that what happened in the Soviet Union will definitely happen in America unless America changes its course from the new world order and accepts the Islamic agenda."



The speaker Imam Siraj Wahaj, a member of CAIR's Board of Advisors, was listed as a potential unindicted co-conspirator in the World Trade Center bombing case (List of unindicted persons who may be alleged as co-conspirators in United States versus Omar Ahmad Ali Abdel Rahman, Mary Jo White, US Attorney for the Southern District of New York, February 2, 1995). He is the imam of the al-Taqwa mosque in Brooklyn, where he provided a platform for Sheikh Omar Abdel Rahman. He later served as a defense witness for the Sheik in the World Trade Center bombing trial. In September 1991, Wahaj stated the following:

"…And he [Allah] declared ‘Whoever is at war with my friends, I declare war on them.' Who is a friend of Allah? [He chants a passage in Arabic] Allah. Your true friend is Allah, the messenger, and those who believe. Americans and Canadians. Hear it well. Hear what I'm telling you well. The Americans are not your friends, hear what I'm telling you, hear it well. The Canadians are not your friends, hear what I'm telling you, hear it well. The Europeans are not your friends. Your friend is Allah, the Messenger and those who believe. These people will never be satisfied with you until you follow their religion. They will never be satisfied with you…"[1][9]

Imam Siraj Wahaj ... will provide us with a glimpse of the role that Islam will play in America's future. America's landscape is already changing with minarets popping up around the country.

MIM is urging people to contact FAU president Frank Brogan and voice their concerns that the MSO and radical Islamists groups are using the university campus and facilities to promote individuals associated with terrorism .

Florida Atlantic University
Office of the President
Administration Bldg., Room # 339
777 Glades Road
Boca Raton, FL 33431

Tel: 561-297-3450
Fax: 561-297-2777


MIM:The Muslim Student Organisation at Florida Atlantic University in Boca Raton,and the Youth wing of the Muslim American Society (MAS) the twin organisation of the Islamic Circle of North America, is linked to Al Qaeda and receives support from Saudi Arabia.


MAS & ICNA 'Muslim American Subversives' and 'Islamist Collaborators of North America' aim for a United States of Allah



Text of progam

FAU MSO Inspirational Youth and Educational Services

M.A.S. Youth Group of South Florida Present:

Imam Siraj Wahhaj

at FAU-Boca Saturday January 22nd, 2005 6:00pm-10:00pm

*Life Long Learning Auditorium for the Lecture *Live Oak Pavilion

for the Dinner Students with FAU ID are free Public $10 for lecture in advance, (or $25 at the door)

Complimentary Dinner & Entertainment

For More Information: MSO FAU Students Contact Asmaa Metwally @ 772-285-7206

Public Contact Rasheeda Shahid @ 954-288-6877 Tickets Sales: Contact Khadija Abdel Aziz @ 954-578-2078

Ticket Sales: Contact Mahasin Shahid @ 954-583-0996

Directions: Take I-95, Exit Glades Rd east to FAU, follow signs to Life Long Learning Auditorium.

Asmaa Metwally MSO FAU President, and MSO FAU E-Board


More information on the activities and ideas of Siraj Wahaj

Here Wahhaj is testifying as an "expert witness" on Islam at the trial of the U.S. vs. Osama Bin Laden


2 ------------------------------x


4 v. S(7)98CR1023

5 USAMA BIN LADEN, et al.,

6 Defendants.

Can you explain to the jury what the Islamic definition of
 7 the term bayat is?
 8 A Yes. In Islamic terminology the head of the Muslim uma or
 9 nation, 1400 years ago was Prophet Mohammed and the people
 10 took bayat to him. That is, they actually literally shook his
 11 hand and gave a pledge of allegiance. 12
 This pledge of allegiance is given to the really the head of Islamic state...
 ...18 Q Now, are you a leader in the Muslim community in Brooklyn?

19 A Yes.

20 Q Do the brothers and sisters who attend Masjid At-Taqwa, do

21 they give bayat to Imam Siraj?

22 A No, no. I'm just a little guy. I'm not head of the

23 Muslim state. I'm just a very, very small guy. And you know,

24 part of taking bayat, let me tell you the significance of

25 that, because the leader is responsible for the people, and......

For transcript of the trial and Wahhaj's testimony click here


Here are some of Wahhaj's tapes which leave no doubt as to his militant Islamist 'weltaanshaung'.


And his views on "interfaith".

The Muslim Agenda In The New World Order
List price: $2.95
Discount price: $2.66


Allah's Word is Supreme
List price: $2.95
Discount price: $2.66


Polygamy Vols I and 2
List price: $19.95
Discount price: $17.95


MIM: Wahaj's views on the joys of martyrdom :http://www.geocities.com/minutesage1/jihad.html

Imam Siraj Wahaj recalls, "One day I was walking alone by myself in the streets of Mecca, and I sat down under a tree reading a newspaper. And all of a sudden, on my right leg I felt like a little pain, a tick of a pin on my leg, it didn't hurt. What was it? And I looked, and I saw a little ant and I said "Huh." It reminded me of something that I once (had) heard the Prophet (PBUH) said, "When a dies Muslim dies as a Martyr, gives his life for the will of Allah, the pain that he suffers is like the bite of an ant." I said isn't this something, you mean I could die for Allah and all I would feel is the pain of an ant. I said, "Yeah this thing is nice." And you know something, brothers and sisters, I believe what Prophet (PBUH) said, "No one who dies and go to Paradise is going to want to come back to this world, except a Martyr, a person who gave their life for Islam, for Allah, they will want to comeback to the earth and die ten more times in the way of Allah, because of the great gifts Allah has given them in Paradise."

Are You Ready To Die?
List price: $2.95
Discount price: $2.66

The Blessing Of Death!
List price: $2.95
Discount price: $2.66

The Easy Way To Paradise-How To Get There
List price: $2.95
Discount price: $2.66


MIM: On the same Jihad website beneath the Wahaj quote this clear explanation of the true meaning of Jihad was posted.

We must stop loving this life and giving excuses. When I was young, I asked a friend of mine, whose dad was a general in the American Army, why is America unable to take back their hostages from Iran. She said her father had answered, "Our primary weapon is fear of annihilation. Muslims do not fear death, so how can we threaten them?" I will tell you how they will threaten us. They remove our fear of death and replace it with love for the world. Bye bye deen - bye bye threat.!
--Received by email


MIM: In 1997 Wahaj directed an educational retreat which included Jamil Al Amin aka H. Rap Brown who is now in jail for killing a policeman, and wounding his deputy, and Jafar Sheik Idris a Sudanese who was expelled from the US last year for his activities .


Imam Siraj Wahaj

July 18 - August 16, 1997
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada

Organized by:
Islamic Society of North America (ISNA)

Sponsored by:
ISNA Canada
Islamic Circle of North America (ICNA)
Manitoba Islamic Association
Muslim Students' Association (MSA) of the USA and Canada
Da'wah Academy of Pakistan

Request Form for Application Forms at end of post

** One week until application deadline! **



This program is designed to educate, instruct and train a select group
of 40 brothers and sisters from across North America in Tafseer,
Tajweed, Fiqh, Shariah, Hadith, Seerah and Islamic History.

The program will be conducted by scholars from across North America
under the directorship of Imam Siraj Wahaj.


1. To educate, train and prepare young men and women to serve as
teachers, speakers, scholars and activists.
2. To establish a Pan-continental network of Muslim workers, scholars
and intellectuals dedicated to the service of Islam and who will
cooperate, support and empower one another towards the betterment
and education of Muslims of North America.
3. To prepare participants to actively contribute towards welfare of
the North American society.


1. To educate a new generation of North American Muslims in Islamic
2. To provide an opportunity to scholars to teach their curriculum and
to share their experiences.
3. To create an environment which is safe and conducive to learning
and is in keeping with Islamic principles.
4. To develop a strong Muslim personality and to inculcate an Islamic
identity through social, personal and group inter-action with the
5. To establish a new group of students of Islam, who will Insh'Allah
carry on the work and legacy of the present generation of scholars.
6. To provide a firm educational foundation for pursuing specialization
in various fields of Islamic studies.
7. To encourage and challenge students to think independently,
creatively and critically.
8. To develop analytical thinking based on Qur'an and Sunnah.


Tafseer Hadith
Tajweed Seerah
Fiqh Islamic History
Shariah Contemporary Issues


Mohammad Nur Abdullah* Ahmed El Kadi
Hisham Altabib Ali Mazrui
Jamil Al-Amin Maulana Nasim
Ihsan Bagby* Ahmad Sakr*
Jafar Sheikh Idris* Muzammil Siddiqui
Taha Jabir Al Awani Siraj Wahaj
Muna Fadl Others
* Confirmed


1. 19 years of age or over.
2. Applicant must successfully complete a verbal and/or written
interview with the Selection Committee.
3. Provide three references.
4. Able to read the Qur'an and possess a fair knowledge of Hadith.
5. Willing to abide by the rules, regulations and expectations of the
6. Applicant must complete pre-retreat assignments which will be
provided to them by the end of May 1997.
7. Applicants must be active members of their community.


Local communities, Islamic Associations and Organizations are requested
to sponsor applicants by financial contributions towards the cost of
transportation and registration.


The deadline for applying is March 31, 1997. Successful candidates must
pay in full by April 30, 1997. References may be sent with registration


The fee of $1000 will cover the cost of lodging, food and course material.


The committee needs to inform and guarantee the University one month in
advance as to the number of participants, to arrange for accommodation
and food. The committee does not have any financial resources to cover
last minute changes. This refund policy was developed based on the
requirements from the University.

1. Last day to withdraw from the program will be July 7, 1996. $100
will be deducted from the refund to cover expenses incurred.
2. 50% of the fee paid will be deducted between July 8 to July 16, 1997.
3. No refund will be made after July 16, 1997.



Imam Siraj Wahaj Program --

Br. Khalid Iqbal Assistant (204) 275-5219 or kiq...@mrm.mb.ca

Sr. Shahina Siddiqui Assistant (204) 889-7451, Fax (204) 896 1694

Br. Aalim Fevens MSA (613)542-1839 or
Coordinator fev...@qucis.queensu.ca

For more information please contact any of the above.

Further information will also be available at:




July 18 - August 16, 1997
University of Manitoba
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada


Please send me ________ number of registration forms for the Educational



First Middle Last




City Province/State Postal/Zip Code

Home Phone: (_______)___________________________

Office Phone: (______) _______________________

Fax: (_____) ______________________________

e-mail address: _________________________________________

For more information please contact:
Br. Khalid Iqbal (204) 275-5219, or kiq...@mrm.mb.ca
Sr. Shahina Siddiqui (204) 889-7451, Fax (204) 896 1694
Br. Aalim Fevens (613)542-1839 or fev...@qucis.queensu.ca

You may email this request for registration to either

kiq...@mrm.mb.ca or fev...@qucis.queensu.ca

OR Print out and Mail or Fax this request for registration to:

Sr. Shahina Siddiqui
4202 Roblin Blvd
Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada
R3R 0E7

Phone #: (204) 889 7451 Fax #: (204) 896 1694




Wassalamu 'Alaikum,
Aalim Z. Fevens
Vice-President for Canada

Militant Islam Monitor Press Release MIM urges Florida Atlantic University to disallow use of it's premises to unindicted co conspirator in 1993 WTC bombings Siraj Wahaj 1/20/05 MIM is calling on President Frank Brogan of Florida Atlantic University to deny the use of campus facilities to host Siraj Wahaj, an unindicted co conspirator in the 1993 WTC bombings, and an associate of Omar Abdel Rahman , who was jailed for orchestrating the attack. http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/382

The Muslim Student Organisation of FAU, presided over by Asmaa Metwally, is bringing Siraj Wahaj to speak at an event on Sat. January 22, at the Lifelong Learning Center on the university's Boca Raton campus. Last year Metwally attempted to bring neo Nazi William Baker to the FAU campus. http://bocanews2.accrisoft.com/index.php?src=news&prid=8268&category=LOCAL%20NEWS

The event is being co sponsored by the MAS youth group (The Muslim American Society ), an Islamist group which merged with the Islamic Circle of North America, and aims to Islamise the United States . Several affiliates of MAS and ICNA have been linked to terrorism. http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/216

Siraj Wahaj is a board member of the Council of American Islamic Relations(CAIR) which is a Saudi fronted front group for Hamas which was named as a defendant in a 9/11 terror lawsuit. http://www.danielpipes.org/blog/394

Wahaj has repeatedly called for the replacing the US government with an Islamic state and extolled the joys of martyrdom. In a taped speech Wahaj declared: "I see the demise of the Soviet Union as a sign for the American people that what happened in the Soviet Union will definitely happen in America unless America changes its course from the new world order and accepts the Islamic agenda". http://www.freeman.org/m_online/sep96/emerson.htm

Wahaj extolled the joys of martyrdom in this Jihad website entry: "No one who dies and go to Paradise is going to want to come back to this world, except a Martyr, a person who gave their life for Islam, for Allah, they will want to comeback to the earth and die ten more times in the way of Allah, because of the great gifts Allah has given them in Paradise."http://www.geocities.com/minutesage1/jihad.html

Wahaj often writes and speaks on the subject of martyrdom in Islam. Some of his works are entitled: "Are you ready to die ?" "The Blessing of Death ", "The easy way to Paradise - How to get there" .In addition to martryrdom Wahaj is a proponent of polygamy and has produced many tapes on the subject.

Several organisations which Siraj Wahaj is a member of, including CAIR and ISNA have been connected with terrorism funding. At a time when United States is currently waging a war on terror both at home and abroad it is a travesty that FAU university administration is allowing the Muslim Student Organisation to bring an unindicted co conspirator of the 1993 WTC bombings to their campus and use the Lifelong Learning Center auditorium as a venue.

Militant Islam Monitor is urging people to voice their concern to FAU President Brogan that Siraj Wahaj's appearance on campus is a threat to Homeland Security and to appeal to the FAU administration to disallow the use of their facilities and premises for the event . http://islamicbookstore.com/audio-lectures-speeches-single-tapes-imam-siraj-wahaj.html

Please contact FAU president Frank Brogan and voice your concern that Florida Atlantic University is allowing use of its campus as a forum to Siraj Wahaj ,who is an unindicted co conspirator in the 1993 World Trade Center bombing.

Florida Atlantic University Office of the President Administration Bldg., Room # 339 777 Glades Road Boca Raton, FL 33431

Tel: 561-297-3450 Fax: 561-297-2777 brogan@fau.edu

Text of progam FAU MSO Inspirational Youth and Educational Services M.A.S. Youth Group of South Florida Present: Imam Siraj Wahhaj at FAU-Boca Saturday January 22nd, 2005 6:00pm-10:00pm *Life Long Learning Auditorium for the Lecture *Live Oak Pavilion for the Dinner Students with FAU ID are free Public $10 for lecture in advance, (or $25 at the door) Complimentary Dinner & Entertainment

For More Information: MSO FAU Students

Contact Asmaa Metwally @ 772-285-7206

For more on MAS see:

MAS & ICNA 'Muslim American Subversives' and 'Islamist Collaborators of North America' aim for a United States of Allah http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/216<http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/216


One Imam Traces Path of Islam in Black America


In the burgeoning world of Islam in America, Imam Siraj Wahhaj is a star. In 1991, he was the first Muslim ever to lead a prayer before the start of a session of the House of Representatives. Four years ago, then-Secretary of State Madeleine Albright hosted him and other Muslim notables at a State Department banquet of lamb, lentils and saffron rice to break the Ramadan fast. One of the country's most popular Muslim preachers, he travels widely, extolling the Quran to large crowds at immigrant Islamic centers, conventions and universities.

But to his followers in Brooklyn's inner-city Bedford-Stuyvesant neighborhood and elsewhere, the imam sometimes shows a different side. He has proclaimed that the "real terrorists" are the Federal Bureau of Investigation and the Central Intelligence Agency. In another of his sermons, widely available for purchase on audiotape, he says, "In time, this so-called democracy will crumble, and there will be nothing. And the only thing that will remain will be Islam."

Few religious leaders of any faith could rival Imam Wahhaj's combination of militant notoriety and mainstream honors -- a mix that says much about the complexity of Islam in the U.S. today. Over the past few decades, two powerful currents have come together in America: the black-separatist movement of the 1960s and 1970s and the training of Muslims, including Imam Wahhaj, in programs financed by Saudi Arabia. Today African-Americans are thought to make up about 30 percent of the fast-growing Muslim population of six to seven million in the U.S. (The higher approximations of the black Muslim population would make it about 5.6 percent of the 36 million blacks in the U.S.)

Islam is gradually becoming a significant part of the nation's diverse social fabric. But since the terror attacks of Sept. 11, 2001, it has become clear that a hard-edged and intolerant form of the religion has taken root here. As African-Americans embrace Islam in growing numbers, many are moving toward a more orthodox version influenced, in part, by Saudi Arabia's puritanical brand of Sunni Islam. These foreign ideas have combined with homegrown black experience to form a mindset that condemns alcohol and drugs and hails self-sufficiency -- but one that sometimes also stresses an unsettling hostility to American government and secular society.

Imam Wahhaj's journey from Brooklyn's public-housing projects, where he was raised a Baptist, to his position as one of the nation's most prominent Islamic clerics, mirrors the spiritual passages of many African-American Muslims. Their movement's beginnings can be traced to the stirrings of black nationalism in the early part of the 20th century, and before that all the way back to the 1600s, when Muslim slaves were imported to this continent from Africa. Throughout the generations, the black Islamic odyssey has a common theme: a search for an autonomous African-American identity in an often-hostile white society. For many black Muslims, conversion opens "the road back to virtues obscured by the forces of subjugation and injustice," writes Robert Dannin, an urban anthropologist at New York University, in his 2002 book, "Black Pilgrimage to Islam."

Imam Wahhaj wears a full beard, tending toward white, and the sort of loose-fitting tunic-and-trouser ensemble popular in Pakistan and India. Commanding as a lecturer, he mixes Baptist cadences with plaintive Arabic chanting. In private, he has a scholar's gentle demeanor and often carries thick religious texts under his arm. In sermons, he often denounces terrorism and encourages law-abiding behavior.

But he also praises Sheik Omar Abdel-Rahman, the blind Egyptian cleric who visited the imam's mosque several years before he was was convicted in 1995 of conspiring to bomb New York City landmarks. While decrying the events of Sept. 11, the imam takes great pains to remain neutral about Osama bin Laden. He says the al Qaeda leader's videotaped boasting about the attacks may have been a media ruse: "I'm just not so sure I want to be one of the ones who say, 'Yeah, he did it. He's a horrible man.' "

He has told his followers that a society governed by strict Islamic law, in which adulterers would be stoned to death and thieves would have their hands cut off, would be superior to American democracy. Speaking of unnamed forces in the U.S. government and media, he has preached, "These people want the destruction of Islam."

With heightened concern about Islamic radicalism in the U.S., Imam Wahhaj has become a target of critics ranging from liberal Sen. Charles E. Schumer, a New York Democrat, to conservative activist Daniel Pipes. Mr. Pipes wrote last year in his book "Militant Islam Reaches America" that the imam represents Muslims who "both despise the United States and ultimately wish to transform it into a Muslim country."

Others have praised Imam Wahhaj's involvement in his community. An array of framed civic commendations, including one from a black police organization, hang on the wall behind his desk. Brooklyn Borough President Marty Markowitz proclaimed this Aug. 15 "Siraj Wahhaj Day," in honor of his "lifetime of outstanding and meaningful achievement."

Imam Wahhaj was born Jeffrey Kearse and raised by his mother, who was a nurse, and his stepfather, a hospital dietitian. When he was 12 years old, he won an award for perfect attendance at his church and went on as a teenager to teach Sunday school. He was a talented artist, and regularly painted portraits of visitors to his family's Brooklyn home.

As a boy, he learned about discrimination from books, not experience. "We were kind of isolated from it," Imam Wahhaj says. "We lived in Brooklyn among African-Americans." To him, Martin Luther King's campaign for nonviolent change embodied the Christian ideal.

On April 4, 1968, 18-year-old Jeffrey Kearse was playing basketball at a recreation center near his home when word spread that Dr. King had been assassinated. "He was my hero. I went home crying," the cleric says. "When Martin Luther King was killed, that killed the dream." Afterward, he says, he went "looking for more militancy."

As he saw it, his options were to become a Black Panther or join the , a defiant black religious sect that had adopted some Muslim beliefs. He considered both as he enrolled at New York University on a partial scholarship and joined the basketball team. The team captain, Jerry 10X, belonged to the Nation of Islam and invited him to one of the sect's temples.

Mr. Kearse was particularly drawn to Malcolm X, who had broken with the Nation of Islam before his assassination in 1965. "Malcolm was bodacious," the imam says. "He was bold, courageous: 'Look at him, talking to the white man like that!' That's appealing to the African-American, when usually the African-Americans are bowing to the white man." In 1969, he joined the Nation and changed his name to Jeffrey 12X, because he was the twelfth Jeffrey in New York to become a member.

Like many black Muslims, Imam Wahhaj refers to his conversion as a "reversion" to Islam. Centuries ago, thousands of African slaves were pulled from tribes practicing varying forms of Islam and shipped to North and South America. Although their faith was submerged in slave-owners' Christianity, some elements remained. After emancipation, Islamic motifs surfaced in the rituals of black fraternal lodges and storefront religious organizations that rejected Christianity because of its association with slavery.

Founded in 1913 in Newark, N.J., the Moorish Science Temple of America adopted the Islamic crescent and star as one of its symbols. Members attached Arabic suffixes, such as "-El," to their names and greeted each other by saying "Islam." Founder Noble Drew Ali called for a return to Islam as a means of deliverance from racial oppression.

The Nation of Islam emerged two decades later in Detroit, attracting black migrants from the South. Its self-proclaimed messenger of God, Elijah Muhammad, taught his followers that whites were devils and that Christianity had helped enslave blacks. He urged them to seek economic independence and help rehabilitate drug addicts and criminals.

This message resonated with Jeffrey 12X, and he quit NYU to participate in the Nation's door-to-door businesses, selling fresh fish, bean pies and the newspaper Muhammad Speaks. "It wasn't the theology that attracted me to the Nation of Islam at all," Imam Wahhaj says. "It was the kind of do-for-self black pride." Still, he took religious classes from Louis Farrakhan, the controversial minister who was then supervisor of the Nation's New York operations, and rose quickly to become a minister himself, running Temple 7C in Brooklyn.

It was an article of faith among Elijah Muhammad's followers that he would live for generations to come. When he died in 1975 at age 77, "his teachings began to unravel in my mind," Imam Wahhaj says. He and thousands of other Nation of Islam members began to study the Quran. With the encouragement of Elijah Muhammad's son W.D. Muhammad, they spent the late 1970s groping their way toward the kind of orthodox Sunni Islam followed by most of the rest of the Muslim world.

That coincided with the move by Saudi Arabia, home of Islam's holiest sites, to step up its world-wide campaign to spread the harsh version of Sunni Islam favored by its rulers. Mounting oil profits in the 1970s fueled the expanded Saudi proselytizing, which escalated further in the 1980s in response to the perceived threat to Sunni domination from the Shiite Islamic revolution in Iran. Saudi-funded Islamic teachers began arriving in the U.S. just as black Muslims began exploring their faith.

Jeffrey 12X changed his name to Siraj Wahhaj, which means "bright light" in Arabic, and stopped painting portraits, in deference to the orthodox Muslim prohibition on depicting human images. In 1978, he traveled to Naperville, Ill., for religious training sponsored by the Saudis. His class of 50 African-American Muslims received 40 days of intense instruction on the Quran and the teachings of the original Prophet Muhammad.

Imam Wahhaj and four others from the program were chosen to travel to Mecca in Saudi Arabia for four months of advanced training in Islamic religion and law and Arabic. Awaking each morning before dawn, he walked to the mosque under a star-filled desert sky. He says he felt "absolute awe. ... I was on a spiritual high for four months." The first to arrive at class after prayers, he sat in the front row and taped every lecture.

He started his own mosque in 1981 in a friend's Brooklyn apartment. They moved the furniture from the living room to the bedroom so that 25 people could pray toward Mecca. Soon afterward, the congregation, known as Masjid At-Taqwa, bought an abandoned clothing store at a city auction for $30,000 and converted it into a mosque. The congregants had to chase away the junkies who were using the property.

Fighting drugs became one of the missions of Taqwa, which means "God consciousness" in Arabic. In January 1987, the imam led a group of his followers to oust crack-cocaine dealers squatting in a nearby building. The Taqwa group banged on the door, and Imam Wahhaj says he announced, "It's the Muslims. We're here to recover the property." Behind the door, he could hear someone say, "It's the Muslims. Don't do anything stupid."

The dealers promised to vacate, and the Muslims retreated to a car parked outside to wait. But instead of leaving, the drug dealers called the police, according to the imam. He and four of his followers were arrested on weapons-possession charges. A state court later dismissed the sole misdemeanor count of illegal possession of a knife filed against the imam.

About a year later, he led a series of well-publicized antidrug patrols that helped police put a dent in the crack trade in Bedford-Stuyvesant. The imam also maintains close relations with non-Muslim groups that protest police brutality. "He's very effective, particularly within the Muslim community and very respected in the community at large," says one activist, the Rev. Herbert Daughtry, of Brooklyn's Pentecostal House of the Lord Church.

Masjid At-Taqwa occupies a large corner storefront, divided into spacious, windowless rooms painted green and beige. At well-attended Friday afternoon prayers congregants wearing do-rag stocking caps and Sean John sweatshirts mingle with those who wear finely embroidered Muslim caps and flowing robes of crimson and gold. About half are African-Americans. The others are immigrants from the Middle East, South Asia and Africa. Worshipers range from poor Brooklynites to the occasional celebrity, such as boxer Mike Tyson.

Also attending, according to the imam, is the occasional U.S. government spy seeking incriminating evidence against him. In the mid-1980s, a man he believes was a government agent offered to help the mosque obtain hand grenades. The imam says he sent him away.

Since the mosque's arrival 20 years ago, Islam has come to dominate the immediate neighborhood. Nearby are more than a dozen Muslim restaurants, food stores and bookshops, most run by immigrants. On the sidewalk, vendors sell body oils, incense and audiotapes of Imam Wahhaj's sermons.

The mosque operates on an annual budget of about $200,000, the imam says, raised from weekly donations by individuals, rent from its six commercial properties and occasional checks from predominantly immigrant organizations.

His own $44,000 salary comes out of that budget and sometimes is supplemented by honoraria of $1,000 or $2,000 for giving speeches, he says. He lives with his wife, Wadiyah, a legal secretary, in part of a three-family house in East Flatbush, a mostly African-American neighborhood. His eight children, some from a previous marriage, range in age from 12 to 32, and all but two daughters are observant Muslims.

Within the confines of his mosque, the imam preaches Islam as a faith of personal responsibility but one that is sometimes at odds with mainstream life in the U.S. He glorifies hard work, even if it means sweeping the streets, and exhorts the stream of black men who adopt Islam while behind bars to avoid crime, liquor and drugs. But his preaching also suggests a yearning for the religion as it was practiced centuries ago.

He has said of thieves and adulterers: "If Allah says 100 strikes, 100 strikes it is. If Allah says cut off their hand, you cut off their hand. If Allah says stone them to death, through the Prophet Muhammad, then you stone them to death, because it's the obedience of Allah and his messenger -- nothing personal."

And to an audience of 75 mostly black women wearing Muslim head coverings at an Islamic conference in Orlando, Fla., he lectured recently that Islam condones a man's marrying up to four wives. He stressed that when this rule was introduced in the seventh century, it served as a restriction on arrangements involving even more wives per husband.

Mr. Wahhaj's views are well known in the Muslim community because he has a busy speaking calendar, and tapes of his sermons are readily available in Muslim stores, at Islamic conferences and on the Internet. Many of his beliefs -- such as his deep antipathy toward the U.S. authorities -- are echoed by other black Muslim clerics. "We don't trust the American government and the way that it does things and sets people up," says Al-Hajj Talib 'Abdur-Rashid, the imam of the Mosque of Islamic Brotherhood, a large congregation in Harlem. Imam 'Abdur-Rashid points to slavery, generations of segregation and government investigations of Dr. King and other black heroes as the cause of the widespread skepticism.

Stephen Schwartz, author of "The Two Faces of Islam," a book published last year, blames Imam Wahhaj for spreading an extreme form of the religion known as Wahhabism. Embraced by the forebears of the current Saudi royal family, Wahhabism was named for Muhammad ibn 'Abd al-Wahhab, the leader of an 18th-century movement to re-create the religion of the 600s, as practiced by the Prophet Muhammad and his companions. Strict Wahhabis despise Western cultural and religious influences. Osama bin Laden and his followers adhere to a strain of this ideology.

"People like Wahhaj went from Nation of Islam to Saudi Wahhabism, and they preach those extreme views to their followers," says Mr. Schwartz, who says he himself has embraced a moderate version of Islam. "Wahhabism is hostile to all 'nonbelievers,' to secular society, certainly to American society, and it can fit with black radical thought."

In an interview in his tiny mosque office, Imam Wahhaj says that he isn't a Wahhabi and that the Saudi-funded programs he attended years ago were "definitely not what you would call Wahhabism." American Muslims, he says, "have never looked to Saudi Arabia for guidance, especially African-Americans."

He says he regrets the tone of some of his harshest comments about democracy. His anticipation of its collapse, he says, "is similar to a Christian saying eventually God's kingdom is going to come." He notes that "obviously, in the American context, we can't cut off the hands of thieves." He says that he hopes Americans one day will be persuaded -- not coerced -- to embrace Islamic law.

Still, over the years, Imam Wahhaj has welcomed some significant players on the militant Muslim scene into his Brooklyn mosque. Clement Hampton-El, an African-American Muslim who in the 1980s fought with the Muslim resistance against the Russians in Afghanistan, regularly worshipped at At-Taqwa upon his return to the U.S. He was sought out by young and old for his advice as an "elder in the community," says Imam Wahhaj.

The blind Sheik Abdel-Rahman, who became a celebrity in certain Islamic circles as he toured the U.S. in the early 1990s, gave a provocative lecture at the mosque. Standing before about 150 congregants, the sheik suggested that Muslims should rob banks to benefit Islam. Imam Wahhaj says he interrupted to point out that there were convicted felons in the audience, and the sheik, laughing, retracted the remark.

Imam Wahhaj's worlds collided when the World Trade Center was bombed in 1993. The FBI investigation of the bombing led to charges not only against the bombers but also a network of anti-American Muslims who planned to destroy the United Nations' headquarters, the George Washington Bridge, Lincoln Tunnel and other New York-area landmarks.

The FBI soon figured out that two members of that network had worshipped at Masjid At-Taqwa: Sheik Abdel-Rahman and Mr. Hampton-El. In a Feb. 2, 1995, letter to defense lawyers in the landmarks-bombing case, then-U.S. Attorney Mary Jo White named about 170 people as "unindicted persons who may be alleged as co-conspirators." Imam Wahhaj was on the list, but was never charged. Ms. White declined to comment.

Five months later, the imam appeared as a defense witness in the landmarks-conspiracy trial, held in a packed Manhattan courtroom heavily fortified against possible terror attacks. The imam testified that it had been an honor to host Sheik Abdel-Rahman at Masjid At-Taqwa, and described him as a "respected scholar" known for having memorized the Quran. "He is bold, as a strong preacher of Islam, so he is respected that way," Imam Wahhaj testified.

The imam called Mr. Hampton-El "one of the most respected brothers" in his congregation. He also testified that he had met a third defendant, Siddig Ibrahim Siddig Ali, and that he had a favorable impression of a fourth, Ibrahim El-Gabrowny. All four were convicted and sentenced to prison terms.

In March 2001, the imam returned to the same court to testify as a religious expert at the trial of four Muslim extremists convicted in the bombing of two U.S. embassies in Africa. He testified that holy war could never justify such bombings.

In July of this year, the New York Daily News in an editorial described Imam Wahhaj as "an unindicted co-conspirator linked to the 1993 World Trade Center bombing." The imam appeared to relish responding to the attack. "I had dinner with Secretary of State Albright -- after the list" of unindicted co-conspirators was circulated, he thundered in a sermon shortly after the editorial. "They know it's bogus!" Ms. Albright declined to comment through a spokeswoman.

The government has never offered evidence linking him to any terrorism, the imam said. "How am I linked? Tell me?" he bellowed, as members of his congregation nodded in agreement. "They have to get me like they got Malcolm (X), like they got Martin Luther King, like they got everybody else -- that's what they do!"

He would welcome the chance, he told his followers, to give his life to serve Islam. "If they kill me," he said, "don't be crying."

Some major events in the history of African-American Islam:

  • Early 1900s: Islam begins to emerge as an alternative to Christianity among African-Americans, some of whom are descended from Muslim slaves forced to abandon the faith.

  • 1913: The Moorish Science Temple is founded in Newark, N.J., and promotes Islamic beliefs along with black nationalism.

  • 1931: In Detroit, Wallace D. Fard starts the movement that would be known as the Nation of Islam, or the Black Muslims. His successor, Elijah Muhammad, expands the organization, stressing the evil of white people and the need for black self-sufficiency.

  • 1960s: Black adoption of Islam accelerates in Northern cities, as a divide develops between Nation of Islam members and African-Americans practicing more orthodox Sunni Islam.

  • 1965: Malcolm X, who had become the Nation of Islam's most prominent spokesman before breaking with the group to embrace Sunni Islam, is assassinated in New York.

  • 1975: Elijah Muhammad dies, and his son W. D. Muhammad leads thousands of Nation of Islam members toward more orthodox Islamic beliefs. Louis Farrakhan leads another group, which retains the Nation of Islam name and gains considerable media attention in the 1980s and early 1990s.

  • 1991: Imam Siraj Wahhaj becomes the first Muslim to give the opening prayer at a session of the House of Representatives.

  • 1993: The investigation of the first bombing of the World Trade Center reveals that two men ultimately convicted in connection with a terrorist plot to blow up New York landmarks had worshipped at Imam Wahhaj's Masjid At-Taqwa.

  • 1995: Imam Wahhaj provides supportive testimony for Omar Abdel-Rahman, the "blind sheik," who is later sentenced to life in prison for inspiring the landmarks bombing plot.

  • 1999: Imam Wahhaj, invited as an official guest, attends a Ramadan fast-breaking dinner at the U.S. State Department.

  • 2001: The imam provides testimony helpful to the prosecution in the trial of four terrorists convicted for their role in the 1998 U.S. Embassy bombings in Africa.

  • 2003: African-American Muslims are estimated at two million out of a total of about seven million Muslims in the U.S.

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