Islamic Jihad terror leaders declared they will end the "calm" and strike Tel Aviv if Israel tries to capture or kill them. Meanwhile, Arabs continued shooting each other in Jenin.
Israel earlier this week arrested 50 Islamic Jihad terrorists, including several who were not "ticking bombs," following a continued escalation in terrorism which killed an IDF soldier and a civilian. Islamic Jihad leader Ramadan Abdullah Shalah, quoted in an Arab newspaper in Lebanon, warned Israel that if goes after terrorist leaders, the diplomatic process will end immediately.
Abu Udai, a leading terrorist of the Jenin branch of Fatah party's military arm, Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigade, threatened that "suicide bombers will shake the heart of Israel and Tel Aviv" if Israel does not stop arresting terrorists.
In Gaza, a terror leader of Hamas, which is a de facto rival authority to the Palestinian Authority (PA), said the diplomatic effort was a failure. "All of Palestine, from the [Jordan] River to the [Mediterranean] Sea, will be liberated by the martyrs and their rifles," threatened Hamas terrorist Nizaar Rian.
The PA's weakness is Gaza also was evident in Samaria where more gunfights broke out Friday afternoon between terrorists and PA security forces. Last night, An Al-Aqsa Martyrs' Brigades gang murdered a PA policeman after one of its leaders was released following interrogation concerning the shooting of a PA legislator.
After the killing, the gang burned the legislators' car. PA police arrested most of the gang Friday, but the leader still was at-large. Jenin's Al-Aqsa terror boss Zakaria Zubeidi denied that the terrorists were from his organization. The Brigade is the terror branch of the ruling Fatah party.
PA prime Minister Ahmed Qureia (Abu Ala) announced that security would be improved by a deal in which 220 wanted terrorists would join the PA police in exchange for turning over their personal weapons. However, PA chairman Abu Mazen (Mahmoud Abbas) conceded that there is no chance that the PA will take all of the terrorists' weapons in the near future.
Despite the street battles, Defense Minister Shaul Mofaz said he is continuing plans to give the PA full control of Bethlehem next week and Kalkilya the following week. Bethlehem borders the Gush Etzion Jewish towns south of Jerusalem, and Kalkilya borders Kfar Saba, north of Tel Aviv, and is the gateway to several heavily-populated Jewish towns n Samaria, including Kedumim and Ginot/Karnei Shomron. ----------------------------------------
Ramadan Shallah made one thing clear about the Palestinian Islamic Jihad during an interview in October: Its objective hasn't changed since the group's founding in 1979 in Cairo, Egypt.
It remains "the total liberation of Palestine," the group's secretary general told Al-Hayat, an Arabic-language daily in London. That means all the land that constitutes Israel, not just the additional territory Israel has occupied since the 1967 war.
Shallah's remarks came two days after Islamic Jihad members crashed a sport utility vehicle loaded with explosives into an Israeli bus. Fourteen Israelis and the two bombers died; 45 people were injured.
It was the Islamic Jihad's 16th attack of 2002. In all, 72 people have died - including 18 attackers - and 323 have been wounded.
"All in the Zionist entity are targeted, except children," Shallah said. "For us, the whole entity is an entity of war that has raped our land."
A Group Of Intellectuals
Shallah is no street fighter; indeed, he may never have fired a weapon in the uprising.
He was, however, accused along with Sami Al- Arian and six others on Thursday of supporting, financing and relaying messages for a violent terrorist organization, the Islamic Jihad.
Shallah earned a doctorate in economics and did academic research before replacing Fathi Shikaki, the Islamic Jihad's founder, who was slain in 1995. Shikaki was a physician.
Nearly all the group's founders have held advanced degrees.
The Islamic Jihad was created in 1979 by young intellectuals studying at universities in Cairo. They were the first generation born and raised after Israeli occupation of the West Bank and Gaza Strip, and they faced a bleak future.
Egypt and other Arab governments offered a failed history of military confrontation with Israel. An influential religious society known as the Muslim Brotherhood said any revolutionary action would have to await an educational and spiritual awakening of the masses.
But the Palestinian students, led by the charismatic Shikaki, refused to wait. They followed the lead of Iranian students who rose up to depose the Shah of Iran in 1979 and install a government run by religious law.
Iran today remains the primary financial supporter of the Islamic Jihad.
Focus On Violence
The Islamic Jihad claims it sparked the original Palestinian uprising in 1987 through a series of guerrilla attacks.
But it never developed a mass following as did Hamas, its sometime-rival terrorist group.
The Islamic Jihad focuses on violent attacks and doesn't sponsor, as Hamas does, a social service network of schools, mosques, clinics and sports clubs. It is far smaller and more secretive than Hamas, boasting a membership in the hundreds compared with tens of thousands for Hamas.
An internal manifesto, discovered by federal agents searching the World and Islam Studies Enterprise office in Tampa in 1995, spells out the Islamic Jihad's singular focus on violence.
The group, according to an FBI translation, believes "jihad is the solution to liberate Palestine and topple the infidel regimes."
Among the principles, the document says, is "the rejection of any peaceful solution for the Palestinian cause, and the affirmation of the jihad solution and the martyrdom style as the only choices for liberation."
10. Muslim World Daily News Briefs, Vol. 1 No. 13, ", October 28, 1996 http://msanews.mynet.net/MSANEWS/199610/19961028.1.html. This is a daily Islamic news source that is pro-Palestinian. Each issue briefly describes events from all over the Middle East. According to this source, PIJ leader Dr. Ramadan Abdallah Shalah vowed to avenge the assassination of his predecessor, Dr. Fathi Shaqaqi. This article, which was written a year after Shaqaqi's death, quotes Shalah as saying, "We will avenge Shaqaqi's spilled blood and make the lives of the enemy's leaders and their allies a hell of explosions and fire throughout our plundered land . . . Armed battle is a strategic option as well as a duty and our movement has decided to pursue a jihad. We oppose the establishment of a false peace. We are the enemies of the US-Zionist peace, and our enemy understands only the language of force." This speech was given at a meeting at the Yarmuk refugee camp near Damascus for the first anniversary of Shaqaqi's death. Representatives from the Islamic Resistance Movement, Hamas, Hezbollah, and diplomats from Muslim countries attended the meeting.
11. "Palestinian Islamic Jihad" http://www.ict.org.il/inter_ter/orgdet.cfm?orgid=28. This Israeli source describes the history, leadership, and activity of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). The PIJ was founded by three men: Fathi Shaqaqi, 'Abd al-'Aziz 'Odah, and Bashir Musa. This Sunni group was unique in that it praised the Iranian Revolution of 1979 despite it being a Shiite movement. This belief helped to cause the organization to be expelled from Egypt in 1981 soon after the assassination of Sadat. The PIJ claimed the unity of the Islamic world was not a precondition for the liberation of Palestine; rather the liberation of Palestine was the key to the unification of the Arab and Islamic world. Founder and leader Fathi Shaqaqi was born in the Gaza Strip in 1951. He received a B.A. in mathematics from Bin-Zeit University and studied medicine at Zaqaziq University in Egypt. He was a very intellectual and charismatic leader. Shaqaqi became active in the Muslim Brotherhood, but left the organization because of ideological disputes in 1974. Soon after the Iranian Revolution in 1979, Shaqaqi wrote a pamphlet entitled "Khomeini: The Islamic Solution and the Alternative". This pamphlet glorified Khomeini and the Iranian Revolution and praised Khomeini's position in regards to the unification of the two branches of Islam. Soon, this pamphlet was banned from Egypt, and Shaqaqi was arrested for three months. Unknown assailants killed Shaqaqi in October of 1995 in Malta. After his assassination, he was succeeded by his close friend Dr. Ramadan 'Abdallah Shalah. Shalah was born in the Saja'iyah refugee camp in Gaza and was one of the PIJ's first militants. He wrote his doctorate thesis on Islamic economics at the University of Durham in Britain and taught at South Florida University in Tampa, Florida. He was once the director of the World and Islamic Studies Enterprise think-tank. He left Florida for Damascus in 1996. The PIJ has offices located in Beirut, Damascus, Tehran, and Khartoum. The group has heavy influence in the Islamic University.
12. Patterns of Global Terrorism, 2000. United States Department of State, April 2001 This book offers a brief summary of the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ). The PIJ originated in the Gaza Strip in the 1970s. From it's beginning, the group was committed to the creation of a Palestinian state and the destruction of Israel through holy war. Since the United States is seen as a friend of Israel, the U.S. is viewed as the PIJ's enemy. The PIJ also opposes moderate Arab governments, which are seen as "Westernized". In late 2000, the PIJ conducted at least three attacks on Israel. The PIJ is primarily located in Israel and the occupied territories, Jordan, and Lebanon. Its headquarters are in Damascus, Syria. The organization is financially backed by Iran and receives limited logistic assistance from Syria.
13. Pipes, Daniel. "The World is Political! The Islamic Revival of the Seventies," Orbis, (Fall 1983), pp. 24-36. This is an interesting and intriguing article that examines the roots of the Islamic revival of the 1970s. The article goes on to mention that one of the creations of this Islamic revival was the PIJ. The article cites that the main reason for this renewed popularity in Islam was because it offered people, especially young males, an alternative to the status quo, which could possibly lead to a new lease on life. It uses the PIJ as one of its examples and explains that PIJ membership consisted, in the past, of many born-again Muslims. The article also shows how this revival in Islam translated into an urgent call for action, especially in the West Bank and Gaza. Thus, the revival of Islam also turned into a wave of political Islam (Islamic fundamentalism), which advocated Islamic resistance. This notion was also very popular in the West Bank and Gaza as groups, like the PIJ, capitalized on this renewed consciousness. All in all, this article offered a good analysis and overview behind the Islamic revival of the 1970s and its influence.
15. "USA: Middle East Overview Patterns of Global Terrorism - 2000", May 5, 2001 http://www.arabicnews.com/ansub/Daily/Day/010502/2001050229.html. This article describes Middle Eastern terrorist groups such as Hezbollah, Hamas, the Egyptian Islamic Jihad, and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad (PIJ) from an American perspective. The PIJ, along with Hamas, heavily increased attacks in late 2000 in protest to the peace process. This ended a period of more than two years without a successful large-scale terrorist operation. A PIJ operative detonated an explosive device near a Jewish settlement in Gaza killing himself and injuring an Israeli soldier. This was timed to mark the anniversary of the death of PIJ founder Fathi Shaqaqi. Violence increased, and leader Ramadan Shalah publicly threatened America upon consideration of moving the US embassy to Jerusalem from Tel Aviv.