This item is available on the Militant Islam Monitor website, at http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/326
Hizb ut Tahrir and the Islamo facists in Germany
November 22, 2004
MIM: Hizb ut Tahrir (The Party of Liberation), was banned last year in Germany and is now appealing the decision in court. Mohammed Atta and several of the 9/11 hijackers were linked to a HUT cell in Hamburg and the group is active in the UK where it appears to be attracting people who would have joined Al Muhajiroun, which issued a press release to announce the group was 'disbanding' for it's members to go freelance'. The article below appeared in the Guardian newspaper and contains background information on the groups origin and founders in the UK -Omar Bakri Muhammed who went on to form Al Muhajiroun. Abu Hamza Al Masri, who is presently in jail in the UK awaiting trial on terrorism related charges was also a long time associate of Bakri and HUT. The group regularly engages in acts of terrorism in parts of what used to be Russia. Members have been linked to recent murders and bombings in Uzbekistan and other provinces .
For more on Hizb ut Tahrir see:
Hizb ut Tahrir 'mission statement' on 1924.org (UK)
Our vision is to cultivate a Muslim community that lives by Islam in thought and deed, adhering to the Shari'ah rules and nurturing a strong identity as Muslims. Our vision is this community stands as a model and an example to the wider society, making the basis of this relationship the carrying of the Islamic da'wa. Furthermore, our community needs to be aware of her destiny as an integral part of the global ummah, taking up the call for the return of the Khilafah and the unification of this ummah internationally.
We must work intelligently in the west, by not compromising Islam, but rather presenting a convincing argument in the west against western imperialism and interference in the Muslim world. Raising the call for the Muslims to own their political destiny and in turn building a support base in the west for the return of the Khilafah state.
If our community puts our resources together then we can change attitudes, inspire the society and contribute to the return of Islam internationally.
Hizb ut Tahrir - " Islam is Coming Back "
The east London hall echoes to the sound of the speaker's voice: "They want us to redefine Islam to fit the agenda of the west," he intones, and the audience murmurs. "Islam is going to be political, no matter how hard they try. Islam itself is political. Allah has not remained silent when it comes to political matters."
The speaker is a member of Hizb ut Tahrir, the most controversial Islamic group in Britain today. Critics have called for the group to be banned, as it is in Germany, while supporters hail it as the saviour of the Muslim community. Hizb - the name means Party of Liberation in Arabic - is banned throughout the Middle East, and three British men are in jail in Egypt accused of propagating its views. In Uzbekistan, thousands of Hizb members are in jail, and a Russian thinktank has compared the group to al-Qaida.
Eighteen months ago, the group briefly appeared in the public eye when the wife of Omar Sharif, the Briton who launched a failed suicide-bomb [sic] attack in Tel Aviv, was found to have leaflets from the group in her home. Hizb ut Tahrir also has a presence on university campuses, where it has been accused of anti-semitism.
Until recently, the leadership of Hizb was secretive and cautious, reluctant to release details of the scale of its membership, its leadership structure or its funding. One ex-member who spent years with the group says there are probably only 500 members across the country, but the group may have 10 times that number as committed supporters. Hizb's annual conference in Birmingham last year attracted about 8,000, by far the most for a Muslim organisation.
In a sign that the group is changing direction, it has given the Guardian unprecedented access to its leadership. The newspaper has spoken to current and former Hizb members and supporters in London, Derby, Leicester, Birmingham, Nottingham and Manchester in an attempt to piece together the group's motivation and ideology.
The leader of the group, a 28-year-old IT consultant called Jalaluddin Patel, is the first leader in its 18-year history in the UK to speak to the national press. He says Hizb has nothing to hide but will not release membership figures: "It's a genuine security issue. We're unsure about the manner in which western society would treat a group like ours."
Part of the West, Not a Threat
Patel insists that Hizb is no threat to the west, but part of it. But he adds that the west "needs to understand what is really an inevitable matter, and that is that Islam is coming back, the Islamic caliphate is going to be implemented in the world very soon … The Muslim people need to realise that the way in which they will restore a form of dignity and bring civilisation back to the Islamic world is to establish a modern caliphate."
The call to re-establish the caliphate, the single Islamic state that existed for a millennium and a half, until the end of the Ottoman empire in 1924, forms the thrust of the group's message. But its call for Muslims to be strong is not just political; it is also religious: "Secularism has failed the world" declares a Hizb poster.
Bringing the caliphate back will not be easy: at one debate on the future of Iraq, held just off Brick Lane, an American journalist warned the audience that America, China and India would never tolerate an Islamic state "strung like a belt across the world. There would have to be a response."
Hizb's message is too radical to seem immediately threatening. But it is the scale of its ambition that is striking. Hizb appears to be focusing its efforts in Britain on removing Pakistan's President Musharraf, a key ally in the US war on terror. Last month the group led a march of thousands to the Pakistani high commission in London, calling for regime change and declaring "Pakistan Army: why are you silent?"
In Pakistan the security services say they are keeping close watch on Hizb, mindful of the group's links with an educated middle class and fearful of possible links with other, more radical groups.
A Cautious Apporoach
Despite recent moves by the group to open itself up - in March this year, for the first time, Hizb announced the nine people on its executive committee - it remains difficult to join it. Before membership, supporters must be invited to join a study group. Patel dismisses the idea that these study groups brainwash supporters: "If you call brainwashing the imparting of ideas and discourse based on those ideas, then I'm afraid that's what it must be. But fortunately we're not in the business of brainwashing."
At 28, Patel is relatively young to be leading a national group, though he has been involved with Hizb since he was 16. He came to Hizb searching for answers, studied with the group, and became chair of the executive committee at 26. Although reluctant to talk about his own background, it is clear his upbringing was comfortable and not particularly political - he says his father knows he is involved with Hizb but doesn't know he leads it. "He will now."
Hizb often holds public debates with figures from politics or the media. The meetings are usually packed. Across the country the group publishes books and magazines and holds discussion groups trying to galvanise the Muslim community on a variety of issues. But the solution is always the re-establishment of the caliphate.
Hizb is reluctant to say where it gets the money for these activities. Patel says it all comes entirely from donations from members and supporters, gathered as and when needed. No one in the party receives a salary.
Hizb ut Tahrir was formed in Jerusalem in 1953 by a Palestinian judge. Since then, it has expanded across the Middle East and throughout the world, from Indonesia to America. But it is in Britain that the group probably has its strongest presence. Its conferences have attracted thousands of British Muslims.
In Tower Hamlets, east London, Hizb distributed a leaflet opposing the Brick Lane festival last month, arguing that the promotion of "the culture of drinking alcohol, dancing and free-mixing" was not the image the area's Muslim community ought to be projecting.
Meetings - or "circles" - follow the same format, with a speaker from the group expanding on a subject for around 40 minutes. The audience, almost always students and professionals in their 20s and 30s, listen and then pepper the speaker with questions. Some meetings are men- or women-only. At those that are mixed, the women, seated separately from the men, ask the most forceful and detailed questions, usually from beneath a sea of headscarves.
Calling for Regime Change
Although one of the main aims of the group is to forge a strong religious identity for Muslims in Britain, it also believes the wider Muslim world has been ill-served by its rulers. It has openly called for coups against Arab governments to establish more representative leadership. Governments such as Egypt which feel that Hizb is a threat have banned it and arrested its members.
The group came to Britain in 1986, founded by a Syrian called Omar Bakri Muhammed. Bakri remained leader for 10 years until he left to form another, more radical, Islamic group, al-Muhajiroun.
In the mid-1990s, Hizb was a fixture on university campuses, organising societies and debates. Its rhetoric was fierce and angry. Then Hizb went quiet, and now its influence on campus is limited to some Islamic societies or smaller groups. Some maintain it is still [sic] a threat: in March this year a motion proposed by the Union of Jewish Students to the National Union of Students conference banned Hizb from campuses because of alleged anti-semitism.
Last year the German government banned the group for the same reasons and the country's interior minister, Otto Schilly, proposed Britain should follow suit, saying: "It won't do if the same thing is then not banned in a neighbouring country. We have to act in harmony."
Patel calls such accusations misguided. But he does not deny being anti-Israel: "Being anti-Israel is probably a sentiment held by one billion Muslims around the world. It's not unique to the party. A lot of western commentators could be classified as anti-Israel."
On some campuses, the group has renamed itself, using such names as the Ideological Society. Its uncompromising tone, in contrast to the mute moderation of some imams, is a powerful attraction. In cities where it has a strong presence, such as Birmingham and Leicester, some mosques have made it clear that Hizb is unwelcome. "We don't like their ideas at all," said the imam of one of Birmingham's biggest mosques. "They're not Islamic ideas, they're very nationalistic, racist ideas that they've got from somewhere else."
No Depoliticising Islam
Hizb says such criticism is an attempt to depoliticise Islam and warns against seeing political awareness always in the context of angry youth. Hizb offers a worldview that can be easily grasped, a straightforward solution to many of the problems of society. The scope of Hizb - Patel says "every mosque in this country" has members or supporters - has led to worries about its influence. But it is not on the Home Office's list of proscribed organisations, and the Metropolitan police's anti-terrorism branch says it has no evidence of illegal activity.
Critics are most concerned about Hizb in Central Asia, where its brand of political Islam is motivating impoverished Uzbeks against the government of Uzbekistan. In testimony before the US Congress earlier this year, a director of the Nixon Centre, a rightwing thinktank, warned: "Like other Islamist movements, HT's goal is to overthrow secular regimes around the world. Unlike many others, however, HT hopes to achieve this goal peacefully … I think HT, which is not considered a terrorist organisation, is an even more dangerous long-term threat, as it is the elementary school for the ideological training of many other groups."
This is the "conveyor belt for terrorism" argument: the implication is that such an organisation might inspire others. Patel is dismissive: "I think it's a very disingenuous view. The Founding Fathers of America would probably have been called a conveyor belt for terrorists because they produced the intellectual ideas which led to the American people rising up against colonial rule."
If there is a threat it comes in ideas, because the message of Hizb - of a strong, international Islamic state; of a Middle East free of the western powers; of Islam as a solution to the problems of society - may be far more dangerous to the west.
Patel accepts that the very notion of a caliphate implies the destruction of institutions and government systems, but believes there is no alternative - although he stresses the transition will not be violent. And although Hizb has been making its argument for over half a century without visible results, Patel does not see that as a criticism of the concept. "We believe the caliphate could be established tomorrow. We believe all the ingredients are there," he says.
And he has a warning for the Muslim rulers of the world: "One of the greatest obstacles that exists is the brutality of the state and the fear that is instilled in the masses. What we say is that it is a matter of time before the masses observe that brutality and say enough is enough."
MIM: A recent HUT press release which announced a seminar to oppose the American offensive on Fallujah ended with a short "mission statement":
Hizb ut-Tahrir is an independent Islamic political party. The party works throughout the Islamic world to resume the Islamic way of life by re-establishing the Islamic Khilafah [Caliphate. The party adheres to Islamic law in all aspects of its work and considers violence or armed struggle against the regime, as a method to re-establish the Islamic State, to be forbidden by Islamic law. In the Western world, the party seeks to explain the Islamic ideology to Muslims, to create a dialogue with Western thinkers and to present a positive image of Islam to Western society.
Imran Waheed – Media Representative of Hizb ut-Tahrir in Britain
Email: e-mail protected from spam bots
Phone: 07074-192400 [+44(0)7800-548843 from outside the UK
Germany: Court Appeal By Hizb Ut-Tahrir Highlights Balancing Act Between Actions, Intentions
By Sophie Lambroschini
A date has been set for a German court to hear an appeal by the radical Islamic group Hizb ut-Tahrir against the ban imposed on its activities almost two years ago. The case illustrates the thin line Germany is balancing in its efforts to combat Islamic radicals who have not been implicated in any terrorist activities but who are nevertheless perceived as a threat.
Berlin, 26 October 2004 (RFE/RL) -- For members of the banned Hizb ut-Tahrir, the battle to openly convince Muslims in Germany of the benefits of a worldwide Islamic state will be brought to court before the end of the year.
Karin Siebert, a press spokeswoman for the federal administrative court in Leipzig, told RFE/RL that the court, which reviews decisions made by federal ministries, will begin hearing the appeal on 2 December.
Hizb ut-Tahrir's appeal against the ban may affect German officials' handling of those they commonly dub as "hate-preachers" -- Islamic radicals who make virulent public pronouncements against Israel, the United States, and many Western values. These preachers are considered a threat but have never been implicated in any terrorist acts.
Hizb ut-Tahrir, best known for its growing influence as an illegal opposition movement in Central Asia, calls for the establishment of a "caliphate" over the whole Muslim world. While the group is largely tolerated as a nonviolent radical ideological group in the West and in Europe -- except for Germany and, more recently, Russia -- is banned and often persecuted in many Muslim countries.
For Hizb ut-Tahrir, the court date represents a chance to reverse a decision made unilaterally by German Interior Minister Otto Schily in January 2003. Schily said the group was "spreading hate and violence" and was calling for the killing of Jews.
One member of Hizb ut-Tahrir has been expelled from Germany for alleged ties to one of the 11 September attackers. However, German officials admit that the raids and searches in offices and homes have so far revealed little.
The group's representative in Germany is Shaker Assem, an engineer and an Austrian national of Egyptian descent. He rejects the accusations:
"We, the members of Hizb ut-Tahrir, are not anti-Semitic," Assem said. "We consequently reject that [accusation]. We do not call to kill Jews. Our call is addressed to the Muslim people to defend themselves against the Zionist aggression in Palestine. And they have the right to do so."
For the same reason, Assem said, he does not condemn the "resistance against the American aggressor in Iraq."
Nevertheless, Assem insists the group is "nonviolent," arguing that its efforts are not directed against Western governments and that the coming of the caliphate "will not necessarily mean bloodshed."
The scandal around Hizb ut-Tahrir in Germany erupted over a conference organized two years ago against the looming Iraq war by a student group affiliated with Hizb ut-Tahrir at Berlin's Technical University. The conference was also attended by several members of the extreme right-wing National German Party (NPD). The meeting provoked outrage in the press against "Islamists and neo-Nazis" uniting to deliver anti-Semitic harangues in a learning institution.
Russians Arrest Hizb ut Tahrir terrorist Kingpin, Seize Al - Qaeda Manuals
Russian law enforcement officials have detained the leader of a terrorist cell from the internatial Hizb ut-Tahrir organization, which intelligence has linked to Al Qaeda.
Alisher Usmanov, who headed a cell in central Russia's Tatarstan, was arrested Wednesday, carrying explosives and Al Qaeda training manuals and flyers, the Lenta.ru news site reported, citing police sources in the republic.
The explosives indicate that the man, who was already suspected of organizing a number of terrorist attacks, including a deadly blast in Uzbekistan last March, was planning yet another attack, Interior Ministry officials told the Russian Information Agency Novosti.
Earlier, four other members of the cell were arrested in the region.
Usmanov allegedly formed the cell of the Hizb ut-Tahrir group, which is banned in many countries, in 1996. He was on the international wanted list.
MIM: The involvement of HUT in terrorist attacks in Russia and the provinces is a subject for debate for law enforcement and terrorism experts. Despite the group's insistence on being non violent their goal to establish a caliphate in the West and alignment with Jihadist groups is evidence that their claims are disingenuous. The British suicide bomber, Omar Sharif , who attempted and failed to blow himself up in a seafront cafe in Tel Aviv was associated with Al Muhajiroun and Hizb ut Tahrir in the UK.
Analysis : Kazakh Breakthrough on Uzbek Terror case
by Daniel Krimmage
The trials that have taken place across Uzbekistan this fall have not fully clarified the key question of responsibility for the attacks, even as they have reignited a familiar debate over the methods Uzbek authorities use in their fight against religious extremism. But an unexpected breakthrough in the long-running case came on 11 November, when Kazakhstan's National Security Committee (KNB) announced that it has broken up a terrorist group with links to the violence in Uzbekistan. The new information suggests that remnants of the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan (IMU), which lost much of its organizational capacity when U.S.-led forces toppled the Taliban regime, have regrouped in a neo-IMU. And while it confirms some important aspects of earlier statements by Uzbek officials, it also raises new questions about the terror threat in Central Asia.
MIM: The Hizb ut Tahrir website in Britain 1924.org placed this article on their website from The Jamestown Foundation . The article explains the differences between the Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan and Hizb ut Tahrir.
Islam and Uzbekistan an interview with Dr. Rafik Saifulin
Hizb ut Tahrir planned hostage taking in Russia -prosecutor
TYUMEN. Oct 22 (Interfax-Urals) - Members of the Tobolsk branch of Hizb-ut-Tahrir, an organization found to be extremist by the Russian Supreme Court, has been collecting weaponry and planning to take hostages, Tyumen region prosecutor Ernest Valeyev told a news conference at the join Interfax-Urals and Tyumen Line news agency center on Friday.
The regional prosecution office has evidence of such plans and intends to present it to the court, he said. Five of the eight suspects in the case have been arrested, Valeyev said.
"The group will most likely face charges of extremism and setting up an extremist organization. The investigation is expected to be completed in November," he said.
One killed, 2 injured in Dagestan car blast 11/03/04
A car explosion rocked a gas station in Makhachkala, the capital of North Caucasus republic of Dagestan on Tuesday evening. One person was killed and at least two were injured, including a 10-year-old boy.
Local police found fragments of a person's body and the passport of a certain Aslambek Askhabov, a Chechen resident and reportedly a member of an illegal armed group, Russian Information Agency Novosti reported Wednesday.
A police source quoted by the agency did not rule out that a terrorist attack was being prepared in Makhachkala but the bomb went off accidentally.
A 41-year-old adult and a boy were taken to hospital. 10 cars were totally burnt out, and 20 others were damaged. It was earlier reported that a gas cylinder exploded. The size of the explosion was estimated to have been the equivalent of 25kg of trotyl.
Bin Laden - Al Qaeda to set up base in Chechnya
A newly declassified U.S. intelligence report that was recently obtained by Judicial Watch, an American public interest group, suggests that Osama bin Laden and his terrorist network al-Qaida plan to establish a base in Chechnya, a place they describe as "unreachable by strikes from the West".
The Defense Intelligence Agency Intelligence Information Report was made in 1998 and obtained through a Freedom of Information Act request on Oct. 30, World Net Daily reports.
It provides extensive information about bin Ladin's activities in Central Asia, and confirms the existence of a secure "route to Chechnya from Pakistan and Afghanistan through Turkey and Azerbaijan".
An overview of European fact, Turkish figures, and some courtcases.
Hizb ut Tahrir and Islamo facists in Germany
While the debate continues in Danmark politicians are pointing to the rise of extremism. One of the Islamist groups that advocate extremism, they say, is Hizb-ut-Tahrir, as it seeks to establish a strict Islamic state in Danmark.
The Danish Prime minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen told a reporter of Jyllands Posten: 'Their is a great similarity with nazism, I believe they have an antidemocratic disposition.' And mr. Fogh Rasmussen added: 'Extremism is basically authoritarian, democracy must be cancelled and a dictatorship installed—in this case a religious leader.' We must, the Danish Prime minister stressed, treat these groups as we have treated the nazis.
In the meantime European courts try to tackle the problem of fundamentalist preachers.
On the 6th of december a German Appealcourt in Leipzig decided that the Islamist Metin Kaplan had not been illegally deported. In Turkey Kaplan is now facing trial for conspiracy. The self-appointed Calif of Cologne, the Turkish government claims, has tried to overthrow the secular institutions. Kaplan did successfully prevent his deportation by using the argument that he would be tortured in a Turkish prison and possibly receive the death-penalty. The lawyer of the german government, mr. Kay Hailbronner contested, that Kaplan would be treated according the rules. Turkey, mr. Hailbrunner emphasized, would obey international conventions i.r.t. Human Rights, (Berliner Tageszeitung / http://www.taz.de/pt/2004/12/08/a0084.nf/text ).
The case of mr.Kaplan has stirred public opinion and lead to heated debates about the roles of the Turks in Germany.
About 2.5 million Turkish immigrants reside in Germany; 27 percent of all the immigrants are Turks. The figures for Europe are as follows: In France 208.000 Turks live; in Austria about 135.000; in the Netherlands a 100.000; in Switzerland 79.000; in Great Britain 58.000; in Belgium 56.000; in Danmark 35.000. These figures are based on the number of legal status holders, that is to say immigrants whose papers have been processed by the authorities. The number, the researchers maintain, could be significantly higher, not included were the holders of two passports, viz. a Turkish and an European Identity-card or passport (such as a Dutch, British, German, Belgian, and French passport etc.).
The Turkish minorities can not be overlooked. When Turkey joins the Union it will be one of its largest or the largest memberstate. It has about 70 million inhabitants, there are 3 mainstreams of religious thought in Turkey: the secularistic or kemalistic outlook dominating life in the cities; the sunnite viewpoint mainly dominating the villages of Anatolia, it is partially fundamentalistic; and the Alevite point of view. Alevites are muslims inspired by an amalgamated teaching which contains Shiite material, pre-islamic and nomadic customs. The Alevites fully support Kemal Atatürks secular philosophy and reject the Sharia.
The Alevites are a minority (25 percent), which is called azinlik.
There is a European federation of Alevites.
In the Ministry of Religious Affairs, which is under the control of the Prime Minister, no Alevite is represented. This ministry or Diyanet Isleri Baskanligi is currently setting out a so-called 'reform-course' which is inspired by its chief civil officer, the theologian Ali Bardakoglu.
Due to migration in and outside Turkey the sunnite Islam has gained considerable influence in Turkish state affairs.
The Sunnites are represented and the fundamentalists desire a return of Islamic law, they preach adul düzen or just order. The main representatives of Adül Düzen is Milli Gürus, an association with about 30000 members in Germany. They dominate the German Islamrat or Islamcouncil, which is the 'Dachverband' or federal council for Islamic Associations, mosques and cultural centres in Germany.
Milli Gürus is closely watched by the Verfassungsschutz (Constitutional Defense). The sunnite fundamentalists are the power-base from which Necmittin Erbakan has recruited his following, they constitute the raw material upon which Prime Minister Erdogan has constructed his party, advocating a strongly conservative islam. His great example. mr. Erdogan claims, is the German CDU.
Since the rise of politicians such as Erbakan and Erdogan there is also another party that has discovered Islam. It is the MHP, founded by the late mr.Alpaslan, a rightwing extremist party which is panturk, anti-kurdish and anti-Alevite and a potential powerbase for mr.Erdogan.
Religious affairs in Turkey are a matter of state and policy.
The Ministry of Religious Affairs is a tool for the Turkish government to control religious sentiments. Not only in Turkey but also amongst its citizens that have immigrated to f.e. Germany and Holland. In Germany the policies of the Ministry of Religious Affairs is represented by the association Ditib, the largest association of Turks in Germany.
The van Gogh murder has stirred up a debate about controversial issues amongst German immigrants.
Mr. Kenan Kolat, manager of the Türkischen Gemeinde (or Turkish community) has declared: 'we must take action and draw conclusions as hate grows amongst the Turks. Hate against the christian society, hate against the jews and the USA, and Israel as representatives of capitalism.'
Barbara Schaüble, coordinator of a regional group against Xenophobia says that many youths use expressions such as: 'wir wollen keine Judenschweine (we donot want any Jewish pigs, an ss-expression), and these incidents are either ignored or downtoned, because they are filed under the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.'
There is more unrest.
In the last week of november the orthodox Islamic Federation suspended the imam from the Mevlana-mosque because of his profound anti-german speeches, in which the imam told his audience the Germans were pigs, barbarians that didnot give them anything substantial. When the islam came to Germany the Germans even did not have lavatories...
After the report on German Television the imam was suspended. 'That may be so,' Claudia Danschke told the Frankfurter Allgemeine, 'but we do-not know what is being taught in the koranschools in Germany. It is the strategy of Islamic extremists to mime to the outside world as moderates, within their own walls however they promulgate extremist teachings.'
During a conference in Berlin-kreuzberg one of the attendants pointed to the role of media, especially that of arab satellite-tv which delivered hateful messages to the immigrant's living quarters in Berlin, and added: 'in Internet there is a website called 'Muslimmarkt', the largest Islamic Portal in Germany. It contains material such as: 'Attention, dear Christian, Zionists are in power here.' And in the newspaper of the fundamentalist organisation Milli Gürus the islamists write: 'Dozens of perverse institutions, jewish and christian committees, leer to lure away our children.' ("Dutzende von perversen Institutionen, Juden- und Christenkomitees, lauern auf eine günstige Gelegenheit, um uns unsere Kinder abspenstig zu machen.")
Kenan Kolat doesnot think that language is the problem, like Mrs. Annette Schavan Baden-Württembergs culture minister who wants imams to speak German.
There was another case in court. Not only Kaplan lost his appeal, in France the High Court annulled the appeal against the banningorder of the former imam of Vénissieux (near Lyon) mr.Abdelkader Bouziane. www.conseil-etat.fr/ce/actual/index_ac_lc0409.shtml)
In an interview with a French newspaper mr. Bouziane had told a reporter that the Koran legitimized the abuse of unfaithful women. The French authorities did also accuse mr.Abdelkader Bouziane of involvement with fundamentalist terrorists. He has been deported to Algeria.
This item is available on the Militant Islam Monitor website, at http://www.militantislammonitor.org/article/id/326