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US terrorist Barbar and Canadian Khawaja tied to UK bomb plot which "could have killed hundreds" - links to videos and indictment

April 30, 2007

Five convicted over UK bomb plot

Bluewater shopping centre in Kent

Bluewater shopping centre in Kent was mooted as a possible target

Five men have been convicted of a bomb plot linked to al-Qaeda that could have killed hundreds of people in Britain.

Jurors in the year-long Old Bailey trial heard of plans to target a shopping centre, nightclub and the gas network with a giant fertiliser bomb.

Police smashed the plot in 2004 after MI5 had watched an Islamist extremist network with links across the world.

It has also been revealed some of the plotters met two of the 7 July London suicide bombers.


The five men convicted (clockwise: Omar Khyam, Salahuddin Amin, Waheed Mahmood, Anthony Garcia and Jawad Akbar)

Omar Khyam, 25

Jawad Akbar, 23

Salahuddin Amin, 32

Waheed Mahmood, 35

Anthony Garcia, 24

Mohammed Sidique Khan was spotted on four occasions in 2004 with at least one of the fertiliser bomb conspirators. At one point MI5 officers followed Khan back to his home in Leeds but no further action was taken.

In the wake of the convictions both the Conservatives and the Liberal Democrats have both called for an independent inquiry into the 7 July link.

The call for an inquiry was echoed by Graham Foulkes, whose son David died in the 7 July attacks. He said an inquiry was needed so "lessons could be learned".

The new director general of MI5, Jonathan Evans, issued a statement in which he denied being "complacent" and added: "The attack on 7 July in London was a terrible event. The sense of disappointment, felt across the service, at not being able to prevent the attack (despite our efforts to prevent all such atrocities) will always be with us."

He added: "The Security Service will never have the capacity to investigate everyone who appears on the periphery of every operation."

This was not a group of youthful idealists. They were trained, dedicated, ruthless terrorists who were obviously planning to carry out an attack against the British public

Peter Clarke

Britain's top anti-terrorist policeman, Deputy Assistant Commissioner Peter Clarke, said: "This was not a group of youthful idealists. They were trained, dedicated, ruthless terrorists who were obviously planning to carry out an attack against the British public."

The link with 7 July was deliberately kept from the Old Bailey jury for fear of prejudicing their deliberations on the fertiliser bomb plot.

Al-Qaeda link

The fertiliser bomb plot investigation linked back to senior al-Qaeda figures in Pakistan and Afghanistan, including one who was detained by US forces in Iraq at the weekend.

Omar Khyam, 25, from Crawley, West Sussex, was found guilty of conspiring to cause explosions likely to endanger life between 1 January 2003 and 31 March 2004.

The ingredients of the bomb were found in this lock-up in west London

The ingredients of the bomb were found in this lock-up in west London

Also convicted were Waheed Mahmood, 34, and Jawad Akbar, 23, also of Crawley; Salahuddin Amin, 31, from Luton, Bedfordshire; Anthony Garcia, 24, of Barkingside, east London.

The men, all British citizens, face life sentences.

Two other men, Nabeel Hussain and Shujah Mahmood, were found not guilty.

Home Secretary John Reid said: "Five dangerous terrorists are now behind bars thanks to the hard work of our police and security services...Today's case reminds us all that the terrorist threat we face is real and severe."

In one of the largest terrorism trials ever brought before the British courts, the Old Bailey heard the plotters had come together over a number of years.


Bluewater shopping centre

Utilities network

Ministry of Sound nightclub


Football stadium

The indictment in full

The link to 7 July

The men had started out sympathetic to Muslim causes around the world - but the key plotters decided that violence was the answer as they came together for secret military training camps in Pakistan.

Back in Britain, they discussed various schemes, including targeting the Bluewater shopping centre in Kent on a busy Saturday or the Ministry of Sound nightclub in central London.

They also talked of attacking the gas or electricity network and Prime Minister's Questions in Parliament.


The group had bought 600kg of ammonium nitrate from an agricultural merchants and kept it at a storage unit in Hanwell, west London.

This fertiliser was to be the key component in the massive bomb - similar to those used in other terrorism attacks around the world.

But unbeknown to the men, some of them were already on MI5's radar while, at the same time, staff at the storage unit tipped off police.

They replaced the ammonium nitrate with a harmless substance and kept the group under surveillance before swooping in a series of raids.


3,644 witness statements taken

105 prosecution witnesses

Trial lasted for 13 months

Jury was out for record 27 days

David Waters QC, prosecuting, said the bomb, or bombs, would have been used "at the very least to destroy a strategic plant within the United Kingdom, or more realistically to kill and injure citizens of the UK".

Key witness

The Old Bailey heard the defendants had at least two fellow conspirators.

One of them, an American called Mohammed Junaid Babar, admitted his role in the plot after being arrested by the FBI and became a vital prosecution witness.

The other was Mohammed Momin Khawaja, awaiting trial in Canada.

The jury deliberated for 27 days, a record in British criminal history.

A Crown Prosecution Service spokesman said the deal allowing Babar to testify was unprecedented in British courts.

Outside court a solicitor read out a statement on behalf of Nabeel Hussain. He said: " I have always maintained my innocence of the allegations against me. I have never been an extremist or believed in extremism... I am so glad this ordeal is over."


The charges and verdicts



Five convicted over UK bomb plot

MI5 followed UK suicide bomber

Inquiry demand for 7/7 attacks

7/7 victim's father wants probe

Terrorist 'tried to buy missiles'

Verdicts and charges in full


Plot ringleader Omar Khyam Who plotters were, how they were linked, what they planned


Story of a bomb plot

MI5 bugs revealed

How bad could bomb have been?

Bomb plot's roots in Pakistan

Closing explosives loophole



TV coverage

Background to the trial

Bomb plot verdicts

Plot links to 7 July

'Lives were saved'

Metropolitan Police

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